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There may be a shortage of some varieties in 2021, as many seed growers were affected by COVID-19 and were not able to plant crops this year, so order your seeds today before inventory is depleted, and the item is not available.

Seed Planting Info

Cowpeas
Vigna unguiculata

 
Seed DepthSoil Temp. for GerminationDays to GerminationSunlight RequirementsPlanting Time
1 to 1 1/2"above 65 F 7 to 14 daysFull Sun Spring
USDA Hardiness ZoneSeed SpacingRow SpacingSpace After ThinningDays to Harvest
3 - 11 2 - 3"12 - 36" 2 to 3"70 - 90 days
Cowpea Seed Planting Information:

Plant your cowpeas outdoors directly in the garden after your last frost date. Germination is improved when soil temperature is above 65 F. Cowpeas require a long growing season with 4 months of warm days. They are drought resistant and basically can grow anywhere corn can grow. Plants can grow 8 to 36" tall.

Warning: Do not plant in cold wet soil or you may experience poor germination!

Soil Requirements:

Requires rich fertile soil in a well drained location in the garden. Apply much and grass clippings, or straw around base of plant.

Water Requirements:

Beans do not like soil that is too moist. Water during dry and hot spells.

Fertilizer Requirements:

Use RootBlast, Vegetable Alive, and Slow Release Fertilizer when transplanting outdoors. Periodically apply Miracle Gro.

Harvest Tips:

Cowpeas can be harvested at any time, but are most often used as a green mature bean. Also grown and used as a dried bean. Frequent harvesting also encourages plant to produce more pods.


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