Republic of Peru. Country Code: PE. Location: Western part of South America, bordering Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador. Land Area: 496,225 square miles, slightly smaller than Alaska. Capital: Lima. Climate: Varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west, temperate to frigid in the Andes. Terrain: Western coastal plains, high and rugged Andes in center, and eastern lowland jungle of the Amazon Basin. Population: 27,012,899. Life Expectancy: 70 years. Literacy: 89%. Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua, and Aymara. Ethnic Groups: Amerindian, Mestizo, Japanese, and Chinese. Currency: Nuevo Sol

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