State of Israel. Country Code: IL. Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon. Land Area: 8,130 square miles. Capital: Jerusalem. Climate: Temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas. Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley. Population: 5,938,093. Life Expectancy: 79 years. Literacy: 95%. Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English. Ethnic Groups: Jewish, and Arabs. Currency: New Israeli shekel (ILS).

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