Italian Republic. Country Code: IT. Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia. Land Area: 116,324 square miles, slightly larger than Arizona. Capital: Rome. Climate: Predominantly Mediterranean, Alpine in far north, hot, dry in south. Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous, some plains, coastal lowlands. Population: 57,634,327. Life Expectancy: 79 years. Literacy: 98%. Languages: Italian (official), German, French, and Slovene. Ethnic Groups: Italian. Currency: Euro (EUR).

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