Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Country Code: PK. Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, India, Iran, Afghanistan, and China. Land Area: 339,732 square miles, about twice the size of California. Capital: Islamabad. Climate: Mostly hot with dry deserts, temperate in the northwest, and arctic in the north. Terrain: Plains in the east, mountains in the north and northwest, and plateaus in the west. Population: 141,553,775. Life Expectancy: 61 years. Literacy: 37%. Languages: English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Pashtu, Urdu, Balochi, Hindko, Brahui, Burushaski, and other languages. Ethnic Groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun, Baloch, and Muhajir. Currency: Rupee.

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