Kingdom of Nepal. Country Code: NP. Location: Southern Asia, between China and India. Land Area: 56,827. Capital: Kathmandu. Climate: Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south. Terrain: Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north. Population: 25,284,463. Life Expectancy: 58 years. Literacy: 27%. Languages: Nepali, English, and about a dozen other languages. Ethnic Groups: Brahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, and Tharu. Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR).

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