Syrian Arab Republic. Country Code: SY. Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey. Land Area: 71,498 square miles. Capital: Damascus. Climate: Mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus. Terrain: primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west. Population: 17,155,814. Life Expectancy: 69 years. Literacy: 71%. Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, and English. Ethnic Groups: Arab, Kurds, and Armenians. Currency: Syrian pound (SYP).

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