Lebanese Republic. Country Code: LB. Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria. Land Area: 4,015 square miles. Capital: Beirut. Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows. Terrain: Narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains. Population: 3,627,774. Life Expectancy: 71 years. Literacy: 86%. Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, and Armenian. Ethnic Groups: Arabs and Armenian. Currency: Lebanese pound (LBP).

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