Arab Republic of Egypt. Country Code: EG. Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip. Land Area: 386,661 square miles. Capital: Cairo. Climate: Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters. Terrain: Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta. Population: 69,536,644. Life Expectancy: 64 years. Literacy: 51%. Languages: Arabic (official), English and French. Ethnic Groups: Egyptians, Bedouins, Berbers, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European. Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP).

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