Republic of Turkey. Country Code: TU. Location: Middle East, bordering Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Land Area: 300,948 square miles, slightly larger than Texas. Capital: Ankara. Climate: Temperate, hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters, harsher in interior. Terrain: Mostly mountains, narrow coastal plain, high central plateau. Population: 65,666,677. Life Expectancy: 71 years. Literacy: 82%. Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, and Greek. Ethnic Groups: Turkish and Kurdish. Currency: Turkish Lira.

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