Islamic Republic of Iran. Country Code: IR. Location: Middle East, bordering Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan. Land Area: 632,457 square miles, slightly larger than Alaska. Capital: Tehran. Climate: Mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast. Terrain: Rugged, mountainous rim, high, central basin with deserts, mountains, small discontinuous plains along both coasts. Population: 65,619,636. Life Expectancy: 70 years. Literacy: 72%. Languages: Persian, Turkic, Kurdish, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, and Turkish. Ethnic Groups: Persian, Azeri, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Kurd, Arab, Lur, Baloch, and Turkmen. Currency: Iranian Rials.

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