Republic of Ecuador. Country Code: EC. Location: Western part of South America, bordering Colombia and Peru. Land Area: 109,484 square miles, slightly smaller than Nevada. Capital: Quito. Climate: Tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations, and tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands. Terrain: Coastal plain, inter-Andean central highlands, and flat to rolling eastern jungle. Population: 12,920,092. Life Expectancy: 71 years. Literacy: 90%. Languages: Spanish (official) and Amerindian languages. Ethnic Groups: Mestizo, Amerindian, and Spanish. Currency: Sucre.

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