Republic of Panama. Country Code: PA. Location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica. Land Area: 29,157 square miles. Capital: Panama City. Climate: Tropical maritime, hot, humid, cloudy, prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May). Terrain: Interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains, coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills. Population: 2,845,647. Life Expectancy: 75 years. Literacy: 90%. Languages: Spanish and English. Ethnic Groups: Mestizo, Amerindian, and White. Currency: Balboa (PAB) and US dollar (USD).

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