Republic of Nicaragua. Country Code: NU. Location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. Land Area: 50,054 square miles, slightly smaller than the state of New York. Capital: Managua. Climate: Tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands. Terrain: Extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; Narrow coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes. Population: 4,812,569. Life Expectancy: 69 years. Literacy: 66%. Languages: Spanish (official) and English. Ethnic Groups: Mestizo, White, Black, and Amerindian. Currency: Gold Cordoba.

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